October 2

Hist 30 1.2 First Nations: Pre-contact Period

Source of Continuing Conflict – Clashing Worldviews

What do we know of the social organization and decision-making methods of the First Nations groups prior to and at contact with the early fur traders and settlers in early Canada?

The following resources and links are in the order required in the handout.



October 2

Social 9 02 .1 Viewing Activity: Archaeologists Studying the Past

The Basics – some details we need to understand before we press on.
02 Basics of Studying the Past (Handout)  You’ll work either independently or in small groups to research and understand each of the following concepts. We’ll collaborate as we go to share what you’ve learned and confirm understanding of the following topics:

  1. What is History?
  2. Timeline overview – how old is the earth, is mankind, how does carbon dating happen?
  3. Understanding eras of time: BCE and CE and how the numbers are calculated
  4. Practice locating events on a timeline using BCE and CE.
  5. Skimming to understand the areas of study involved in researching about the past, including human history, climate history and such, including Archeology, Paleoclimatologists, Dendroclimatology, and Paleoceanography.


We’ve reviewed the tools and methods, old and new, for researchers to learn from the artifacts they uncover. You’ll watch a video about what scientists believe the evidence from Stonehenge in the UK means. Then you’ll watch a 7 minute video about a similar rock structure and formation on the other side of the world and under water, in Canada!

Video 1: Stonehenge
While you watch, look for and make notes on the following:

  1. What specific artifacts and pieces of evidence have been gathered and observed from the Stonehenge site?
  2. What do researchers know about the people that constructed this structure based on the discoveries from those artifacts?
  3. What kinds of problems have hindered or gotten in the way of them learning more about the people from the build of this site?
  4. What kinds of findings have helped or benefitted the researchers so that they could know so much about the people from Stonehenge?


Video 2: Under Water Stonehenge Found in Lake Michigan (7 minutes)
Either as you watch or after, write down the following:

  1. How this under water rock formation is similar to the U.K. Stonehenge formation.
  2. How do scientists believe it was constructed, if it’s under water?
  3. What do they suspect the rock formation was constructed for? What was its purpose?