Tone is the mood developed in a story. By the events and language the author uses in the story, how is it intending to make readers feel? Tone is expressed as an “emotion”; if your tone answer isn’t an emotion, a feeling, you’ve misunderstood tone. Examples of tone include:
The “young troublemaker” (someone struggling to find their way) and an “elder mentor” (who can share wisdom) storyline – a common archetype, such as:
Dumbledore & Harry Potter
Obi-Wan Kenobi & Luke Skywalker
Mr. Miyagi & Daniel LaRusso
Mufasa & Simba
Master Shifu & Po
Genie & Aladdin
Example films:St. Vincent with Bill Murray. Older person less connected to others in society spends time with a younger person who could use a mentor in their life. Or Dennis the Menace, if you know that film!
Symbolism in literature – a refresher.
In literature, writers can often develop more meaning within the story by using a concept or object that comes to also represent other ideas. This is used in the story “The Rink”.
Examples of Symbolism developed in texts like Animal Farm and Macbeth:
Pg 4: Comprehension Questions for Text #1
Pg 5-6 Practice Integrating references into writing
Pg 7: Parent-child relationships: Text #2
a moment/memory that lasts for a child
Pg 8 What to watch for in this short story (active reading)
Flashbacks in Writing
Visual Example from the short story “Home Place”. The text in yellow is all flashback – the development of tension in the story all comes from past interactions between characters, instead of using current interactions to create that tension. All the text coloured in Purple (see pic below) is a flashback in this story. You’ll recognize the Present events of the story begin and end this story, but the bulk of tension exists is developed as past memories. (This is an ELA A30 text.)
If you recall, when you did the Childhood Mapping Activity, it hopefully trigger memories for you of when you were a child. That’s one of the enjoyable parts of this Course – the nostalgia it brings up of some of the happy experiences in your childhood development.
This next section aims to continue that process, specifically this initial beginning, by remembering what it was like during storytime.
What was it like being read to as a child? Do you remember?
For example, it may have included:
lots of picture books
a comfortable location you and an adult usually settled in for reading
some favourite books you listened to over and over
an adult who may have read with character voices or sound effects
lots of interesting visuals and illustrations in the books, for a child to fixate on while they listened to the story
animals or non-living things that took on life or mystical/magical elements in the stories, like fairies or princesses cursed by witches
Unknown to you, it may also have included some darker, scarier elements, like in the fairytales where the parents took their kids to the forest so they could leave them there where a witch catches them, fattens them up, so she can eat them!
A memory of mine from youth – attending Reading Time at the Saskatoon Frances Morrison Library. There was a children’s reading room we had to duck under a small door to get into.
To try to trigger for you what it felt like to sit and watch someone read to you a picture book, listen to the audio linked below: it includes our intro thoughts to this section and reading of the Big Ideas.
Continue with/complete the web search activity sheets. The society that began in that region of the world still is influenced by the original civilization established there.
Once you’ve finished the pages, though, you want to start preparing to Sell us on the Value of your Invention from Mesopotamia. Convince us yours is the better achievement than the others. The list of achievements and each student assigned to them is posted below – you’ll each try to convince the class your invention is the most valuable to today’s global cultures; that it has helped mankind more than the competing invention.
Remember you’ll be trying to win over votes against an opponent – against another invention. In your planning, you can try including reasons why the competing invention isn’t as helpful as yours is in the world.
Have fun today. I look forward to the face-offs for our tournament to find out which invention from Mesopotamia is the best of all!
Discuss what constitutes a crime according to the Criminal Code of Canada (1985)
Compare the types of offences (indictable, summary, and hybrid offences) in the Criminal code and identify in a variety of cases.
Identify factors to ensure the judicial process is fair to the accused (presumption of innocence, right to jury, trial of peers)
Differentiate between federal penitentiaries and provincial correctional facilities, including various levels of security within, length of sentence and programs available (substance abuse intervention, sex offender treatment, literacy development, work experience, treatment courts).
Some offences described in the Criminal Code of Canada are on the extremes of less and more severe crimes. Most crimes listed are hybrid, meaning the pros
ecution can decide whether to move forward with a charge being more consequential or less, depending on the history of the individual. The Criminal Code also specifies what the minimum and maximum penalties are for each offence, allowing for some fairness in how the law is applied.
One of the requirements for the ELA A10 curriculum is to do some prolonged independent reading. There are a number of books on the classroom bookshelf you could consider, so long as they fit within the genres or themes below:
a hero’s journey/quest
This year in particular, we’ve used a few more classes for some of the coursework than is usually needed in a regular year. We’re building up skills together, though, that otherwise may have already been established/built on if there wasn’t a loss of time/learning progress when we were sent home during the initial days of the Pandemic. We’re not pushing through the work too quickly that you’re overwhelmed by it, but that then means we need to make some adjustments for that extra time used.
You can choose to read a novel and see how far into the text you get. Some novel titles that fit include:
Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Gallaxy
A Brave New World
Frankenstein (Mary Shelley)
Dune (Frank Herbert)
The Martian (Andy Weir)
So… let me introduce to you some longer science fiction short stories.
They’re long enough in length they offer some prolonged, independent reading. There’s enough of a story developed that it requires some careful consideration of events, characters involved, motivations and tensions, and will be enough text to be the source of your following essay writing.
Some options to consider this year:
“A Sound of Thunder”: A sci-fi story of people going back in time for sport hunting – to kill a dinosaur – but, even though they’re warned not to cause any other changes in the past because it could have a ripple effect and change the present, it happens. (One of the most popular sci-fi short stories written, by a favourite author for many – Ray Bradbury.)
Note – this was also made into a Simpsons episode.
“Actually Naneen”: A little into our future, there are robots used as nannies, but what do you do when yours is getting a little run-down and her operating software won’t upgrade anymore? (There is some empathy involved in this reading.) Author Malka Older – American, female scientist.
“By Degrees and Dilatory Time”: A sci-fi story of a man who has cancer of the optic nerve (eyes) and gets new robotic eyes. It’s an adjustment for him to get used to seeing the world through this perspective.
Author S. L. Huang
“Cooking Time”: There is no food in the future; it’s all artificially made. With time travel, though, some can go back and cook, seeing what it’s like with read food. One young decides to go on a quest in the past to see if she can change the future, so there could be food still.
Writing an Editorial Essay? Here’s a sample student piece that’s been edited for accurate style and supports. You can click through this Word Doc to read the Comments added that should walk you through/point out the elements of the paper you need to pay attention to: transitional phrases and types, focus of the different paragraphs, convincing tone and word choice, etc.
Note: Remember, if you wrote a Report, you cannot include persuasion or biased language.