September 20

History 30 1.1 Inquiry Study: Would you Love it or List it?

Claiming sovereignty over Canada’s arctic north is an issue of conflict that’s come up recently. Research to learn about elements of the issue, including:

  • What area of the north is included in the dispute of ownership?
  • What other countries are at odds or in competition with Canada for control over this area?
  • Why is this land interest more important recently? Why is it in the news again?
  • What about the area under conflict makes it desirable by Canada and others?
  • What is gained or lost if Canada lost sovereignty over this area?

You have to make an ultimate decision: Love it or List it?

Love it or List it is a Canadian television show where homeowners unhappy with their homes decide if they’ll make over their homes and Love it (keep it) or if they’ll find another home elsewhere (sell/give up their old homes). Should Canada Love and keep their Arctic Northern area or List it and give it up to competing interested parties?
Image result for hgtv love it or list it vancouver

Is it important that Canada spend resources and efforts to maintain control over this arctic region or would it even be noticable if we lost it? Be prepared to defend your position with an informed response.


Useful websites: 


September 19

Social 10 Activity: Sorting News Events into Elements of Social Contract

We’ve discussed the Social Contract that exists in a society, the agreed upon rules citizens and leaders accept to help keep the society running smoothly. Four of the essential elements to maintain that balance and structure are:

  1. Freedom: practicing and protecting our freedoms
  2. Order: trying to establish/maintain order in society
  3. Equality: maintaining and fighting to keep equality among groups
  4. Hierarchy:  the levels of responsibility some take on to provide for society

To get a better sense of what each of these provides for society, a list of events are compiled below. Consider each and decide which of the four essential elements of our Social Contract they fall under.

  1. Read the title carefully
  2. Skim the beginning of the article to get a sense of what the news article is informing readers about
  3. Consider your four possible element options
  4. Discuss with your partner(s) – what decision do you come to together?


News events/articles – samples of events in society that show evidence of the Freedom, Order, Equality, and Hierarchy that exists in Canada.

September 18

Section A3 begins looking back at the darker parts of Canadian history that may make some proud Canadians uncomfortable to read and learn about. There are some scandals in our past. We have evolved as a nation and learned from past mistakes, but it is important that we face some of those mistakes. This section attempts to explore that process.


Before Reading/Viewing:

Activity B Links:

During Reading/Viewing:

    • Viewing Heritage Minutes (pg 4) video embedded







Before Reading the Play (pg 8)

    • Viewing: YouTube video of Canadian Member of Parliament discussing the Komagata Maru in the House of Commons (embedded)

    • Link to read the play “The Komagata Maru Incident” online


Additional images to consider:

Below is a certificate of a Head Tax paid for entry into Canada. To restrict the number of what was considered undesirable immigrants coming into Canada, prices were established, making entry more difficult.

For the following chart, you can see the volume and speed of immigration to Canada. Spikes occurred while there was conflict or wars in other countries, like World War I and slowed considerably during other global eras, like The Great Depression in the 30s & 40s.


September 10

History 30 1.1 Geography Sets the Stage

Before you can study and contemplate the history of Canada, you need to fully understand the unique elements of the landmass that makes up our country, to understand what limitations may have existed for decision-makers at the time, or what prompted certain decisions based on utilizing certain resources. Map Canada political-geo.png

And understanding Canada in this specific regional and geographic way is different than understanding the breakdown of Canada by provinces or territories.


  1. We’ve read about a Cross Canada Tour from a humourous perspective.
  2. You took on the Map challenge to try, by memory, to fill in many of the elements of Canada’s make up.Now, do the following.
  3. Read the given handout for Chapter 1: Geography Sets the Stage. 
    1. You can listen along to an audio recording of the chapter here if it helps with your comprehension.
      Open Audio Recording of Chapter Here (Sign into your Sunwest Acc to Access)
    2. As you listen, or after, fill in jot notes on the Summary Handout that goes with it.
    3. Comprehension Questions on Cause and Consequence: Alone or with others, try answering the questions that follow in your handout. How did the geographic realities of Canada’s landmass impact the early development of our country?
  4. Watch the video on Canadian geography (embedded below). If you can add anything to your list of Canadian geography elements you think are noteworthy, do so.
  5. Understanding the seven regions of Canada: Alone or with peers, develop summary notes of the significant pros/cons and resources available in each of the regions. Consider, as well, how the geography of each may have impacted where settlement did and didn’t happen in the early development of Canada.
    1. Landforms PDF – a teacher’s slides online (some differences in title, but informative)
  6. Activity and Personal Response: Canada’s Arctic Sovereignty
    Will you Love it or List it? Swipe Right or Swipe Left?

    Does Canada need to maintain and protect it’s Arctic Region or would it lose anything to let it go to other interested countries? 
    Research the issue and area involved, what other countries are at odds with Canada for control of the area, and find out what Canada benefits or gains by keeping that control.

    You will either record an audio defence of your position or write out your position and submit.

    Article Options to Start With:

    1. Read and discuss the article “The Melting Arctic Heats up the Question of who Governs the Northwest Passage”. Use the guiding questions in your handout to help guide your discussion, if necessary.
    2. Note: You can Rewordify this article – read it with more common word use – if you feel the reading level is too challenging for you. Copy and paste the article contents into the website at this link. 














September 10

ELA A30 A2 The Land or the People?

At some point, you feel Canadian. Whether you were born in Canada or immigrated here, you eventually develop a sense of what it feels like to be Canadian. For high school students, it can be challenging if you haven’t experienced other countries or really much of your own country. It can be complicated trying to put your finger on where it came from, your sense of Canadian-ness, but it’s there.

Two well-known Canadians, relevant to contributing to Canadian nationality and culture, both have considered this question and put their finger on different sources.

One feels their sense of nationality has come from their community, their cultural roots from an immigrant source. The other feels his sense of belonging in Canada is rooted in the land, the harsh northern land he grew up on.

There is a video for each writer below to get a sense of who they are. Each of their messages in these videos is connected to their sense of belong in Canada.



September 3

A1 Mystery and Suspense – Writing Challenge Samples

What makes a good mystery story? Is it something different than the key elements that make a good regular story?

We reviewed the plot diagram of stories: starts with a problem, rising action, a climax point of tension, the falling action, and a resolution of some time at the end. It always includes a character in a situation they don’t want to be in.

You were challenged to write your own mystery story, but with a catch – you only had 8-9 minutes to do it and were restricted to a max of 10-12 sentences. Now we want to see how everyone did!

These are the stories you each developed.

June 11

Law 30: Case Study Comparisons 2019

You’ve been reviewing two criminal cases related to offenders in Alberta and Saskatchewan. It’s one thing to study and understand a single criminal trial and outcome, but to make comparisons to another requires more complex thinking and analysis of the facts.

You’ll have another whole class to review both cases and what information you have related to each. Tomorrow, you’ll have an open-book exam testing your understanding of the cases themselves but also your legal understanding of elements of Criminal Law.

Below are a list of factors to consider in your review of both cases:

  • the defendant’s personal backgrounds
  • their support system – family, friends, secure social environment
  • health and wellness of the defendant at the time of the crime – anything to impair decision-making?
  • others involved in the crime – a principal offender, others aiding/abetting putting pressure on defendant
  • elements of the criminal act(s):
    • voluntary actions taken by the defendant that are considered a criminal offence
    • any inaction of the defendant that constitutes failure of duty
    • types of criminal offences they were charged with and/or actually convicted of
    • proof of their actus reus (guilty act) and mens rea (guilty mind) for each offence
      • remember, prosecution needs to prove guilty act and guilty mind occurring together for each offence
    • difference between the sentence of a conviction via the Youth Criminal Justice Act versus the adult sentence of the Criminal Code
    • what evidence or elements of the crime would/could a prosecutor focus on to prove and support the defendant’s level guilt in the crime?
    • What evidence or elements of the crime would/could a defence lawyer focus on to prove and support their client’s innocence in the crime?
  • What similarities can you identify of their offences and trial outcomes?
  • What differences can you identify of their offences and trial outcomes?
  • Consider why Paul’s offences seemed similar in circumstance to Briscoe’s but her charges were reduced to manslaughter and unlawful confinement.
  • Consider the phsyical involvement of both Briscoe and Paul in their offences.

Good luck!

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June 4

Hamlet – Independent Reading/Listening option

If you’re unable to join our class group in reading/acting out the play, you could benefit from a dramatic performance recorded as an audiobook. This version of audio narration of the play is performed by the actors of a famous film version of Hamlet. It includes the dramatic sound effects and music in the background to make it a realistic experience for you in reading through the play on your own.

The audiobook is one single file, but I’ve separated it so you can jump to the different Acts for convenience.

Act 1 (start – 51:23 minutes in)

Act 2 (51:23 – 1:32:24)

Act 3 (1:32:24 – 2:25:51)

Act 4 (2:25:51 – 3:07:38)

Act 5 (3:07:38 – end)

June 4

11 Elements of Criminal Offence

For someone to be found guilty of a crime, you must prove two parts of the offence: guilty act and guilty mind.

Guilty Act:

  • Beyond a Reasonable Doubt – it doesn’t need to be 100% certainty of guilt to find someone guilty.

Standard of Proof.png

Murder, Manslaughter, Criminal Negligence: What’s the Difference? (article)

Criminal Negligence Cases:


Criminal Offences – Recent Articles


Case Study on Willful Blindness – one of the tests of mens rea:

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